Guidance Note On Calculation Of Zakah On JMH Shares
1. The correct method of calculating Zakah in respect of the shares, owned by a Muslim shareholder, is based on the following principles:
1.1 ownership of a share in JMH represents a pro rata undivided share in the underlying assets of the company;
1.2 For that purpose, the shareholder must determine the value of the underlying Zakaatable assets, after deducting relevant liabilities, at his or her Zakah valuation date, which is normally Ramadaan.
2. We have examined the consolidated management accounts of JMH as at 31st May 2015, and have determined the following, in consultation with the Group Accounting Services Manager, Mr Rafeek Nakooda:
Inventory (stock) 13 538 810 Trade and Other Receivables 137 214 995
Cash and Cash equivalents 81 597 005
Current Income Tax Asset 9 061 815
Total Zakaatable Assets R241 412 625
Trade and Other Payables 54 457 656
Bank overdraft (borrowings) 67 353 546
Current Tax Liability 1 526 259
Net Value of Zakaatable Assets as at 31 May 2015 R118 075 164
Zakaatable Value Per Share
3. The Zakaatable value per share is R37.72 determined as follows:
Net Zakaatable Value
total number of issued shares
R118 075 164
3 130 700
= R37.72 per share
4. For example, if a shareholder owns 10 000 ordinary shares on his or her Zakah valuation date, then, the Zakah due and payable is:
2.5% of 10 000 x R37.72
2.5% of R377 200
= R9 430,00 (Zakah)
5. The aforegoing is subject to a qualification : if the shareholder acquired the shares in JMH with the primary intention, determined at time of acquisition, to resell the same at a profit, then, in such event, the shares so acquired would constitute trading stock in his or her hands. In such event, Zakah is due and payable on the market value of the shares on the Zakah valuation date. The recent trading price per share is R548.
AND ALLAH KNOWS BEST!
In deducting the liabilities in paragraph 2 above, we have excluded the liability incurred in purchasing the LifeHealthCare shares. This accords with the differences of opinion, in the various schools, (Mazaaib) as to whether liabilities should be taken into account, and if so, what categories of liabilities. The Maliki school is practical because it permits only those liabilities incurred in respect of a Zakaatable asset to be deducted. In the instant case, if the LifeHealthCare share acquisition liability were to be taken into account, no Zakah would be payable, and this is contrary to the overriding objectives of the Shariah.