Guidance Note On The Transferring Zakah To An Agent Of An Eligible Recipient
1. There are various Islamic non-profit Organizations and Institutions that, by the Grace of Allah, sincerely serve the poor and needy in diverse forms of religious, educational, economic, and social empowerment and upliftment.
2. The beneficiaries are by and large poor and needy eligible recipients of zakah.
3. The question arises: how can zakah funds be legitimately used to promote the objects of the relevant Institution, for the ultimate benefit of the beneficiaries?
4. It is an established Shariah principle, that the zakah obligation is only properly discharged by way of the unconditional, absolute, transfer of the zakah from the competent zakah payer to the poor and needy eligible Muslim recipient. This is known as tamleek.
5. It is also a settled principle that the eligible poor and needy recipient may acquire possession and ownership of the zakah either directly, or, through his or her duly appointed agent, on his or her behalf. Possession by such duly appointed agent is deemed to be treated as a valid transfer of ownership of the zakah to the eligible recipient. In other words, the zakah obligation is discharged once the agent of the eligible recipient takes possession of the zakah on his or her behalf, because, at that point of possession (qabd), ownership of the zakah so possessed by the agent, passes to the eligible recipient, as principal.